Of the many different relationships people form over the course of the life span, the relationship between parent and child is among the most important.The quality of the parent-child relationship is affected by the parent's age, experience, and self-confidence; the stability of the parents' marriage; and the unique characteristics of the child compared with those of the parent.International human-rights and treaty bodies such as the Committee on the Rights of the Child, the Council of Europe, and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights have advocated an end to all forms of corporal punishment, arguing that it violates children's dignity and right to bodily integrity.Many existing laws against battery, assault, and/or child abuse make exceptions for "reasonable" physical punishment by parents, a defence rooted in common law and specifically English law.Older mothers tend to be more responsive to their infants than younger mothers.
The categories describe the ways that children act and the ways that adults act with the children. A child in this category feels he can depend on his parent or provider.
Parental self-confidence is an important indicator of parental competence.
Mothers who believe that they are effective parents are more competent than mothers who feel incompetent.
The parent-child relationship consists of a combination of behaviors, feelings, and expectations that are unique to a particular parent and a particular child.
The relationship involves the full extent of a child's development.